Kapitola 2. Fire up GIMP

Obsah

1. Použití GIMP
1.1. Známé platformy
1.2. Jazykové verze
1.3. Parametry na příkazové řádce
2. První spuštění Gimpu
2.1. Konečně…

1. Použití GIMP

Usually you start GIMP either by clicking an icon (if your system is set up to provide you with one), or by typing gimp on a command line. If you have multiple versions of GIMP installed, you may need to type gimp-2.10 to get the newest version. You can, if you want, provide a list of image file names on the command line after the program name so that GIMP automatically opens those files after it starts. It is also possible, though, to open files from within GIMP once it is running.

Most operating systems support file associations, which associates a class of files (as determined by their filename extension, such as .jpg) with a corresponding application (such as GIMP). When image files are properly associated to GIMP, you can double click an image to open it in GIMP.

1.1. Známé platformy

GIMP is the most widely supported image manipulation program available today. The platforms on which GIMP is known to work include:

GNU/Linux™, Apple macOS™, Microsoft Windows™, OpenBSD™, NetBSD™, FreeBSD™, Solaris™, SunOS™, AIX™, HP-UX™, Tru64™, Digital UNIX™, OSF/1™, IRIX™, OS/2™, and BeOS™.

GIMP is easily ported to other operating systems because of its source code availability. For further information visit the GIMP developers homepage. [GIMP-DEV].

1.2. Jazykové verze

GIMP automatically detects and uses the system language. In the unlikely event that language detection fails, or if you want to use a different language, with GIMP-2.8 and newer, you can do so through: EditPreferencesInterface.

You can also use:

Under Linux

In LINUX: in console mode, type LANGUAGE=en gimp or LANG=en gimp replacing en with fr, de, ... according to the language you want. Background: Using LANGUAGE=en sets an environment variable for the executed program gimp.

Under Windows

Control PanelSystemAdvancedEnvironment button in System Variables area: Add button: Enter LANG for Name and fr or de... for Value. Watch out! You have to click OK three successive times to validate your choice.

If you change languages often, you can create a batch file to change the language. Open NotePad. Type the following commands (for French for instance):

set lang=fr
start gimp-2.10.exe

Save this file as GIMP-FR.BAT (or another name, but always with a .BAT extension). Create a shortcut and drag it to your desktop.

Another possibility: StartProgramsGTK Runtime Environment Then Select language and select the language you want in the drop-down list.

Under Apple macOS

From System Preferences, click the International icon. In the Language tab, the desired language should be the first in the list.

Another GIMP instance

Use -n to run multiple instances of GIMP. For example, use gimp-2.10 to start GIMP in the default system language, and LANGUAGE=en gimp-2.10 -n to start another instance of GIMP in English; this is very useful for translators.

1.3. Parametry na příkazové řádce

Although arguments are not required when starting GIMP, the most common arguments are shown below. On a Unix system, you can use man gimp for a complete list.

Command line arguments must be in the command line that you use to start GIMP as gimp-2.10 [OPTION...] [FILE|URI...].

-?, --help

Zobrazí seznam možných parametrů.

--help-all

Show all help options.

--help-gtk

Show GTK+ Options.

-v, --version

Print the GIMP version and exit.

--license

Show license information and exit.

--verbose

Při startu GIMPu zobrazí podrobné informace.

-n, --new-instance

Start a new GIMP instance.

-a, --as-new

Open images as new.

-i, --no-interface

Run without a user interface.

-d, --no-data

Spustí GIMP, ale nenahraje vzorky, přechody, palety ani štětce. To je užitečné v neinteraktivních situacích, pokud je potřeba minimalizovat dobu nutnou ke spuštění GIMPu.

-f, --no-fonts

Do not load any fonts. This is useful to load GIMP faster for scripts that do not use fonts, or to find problems related to malformed fonts that hang GIMP.

-s, --no-splash

Při startu GIMPu nezobrazí úvodní obrazovku.

--no-shm

Do not use shared memory between GIMP and plugins.

--no-cpu-accel

Do not use special CPU acceleration functions. Useful for finding or disabling buggy accelerated hardware or functions.

--session=name

Use a different sessionrc for this GIMP session. The given session name is appended to the default sessionrc filename.

--gimprc=filename

Načte se alternativní soubor gimprc. se záznamy o předvolbách GIMPu. To je užitečné například v situacích, kdy se změnily cesty k zásuvným modulům či hardwarové specifikace.

--system-gimprc=filename

Use an alternate system gimprc file.

-b, --batch=commands

Execute the set of commands non-interactively. The set of commands is typically in the form of a script that can be executed by one of the GIMP scripting extensions. When the command is -, commands are read from standard input.

--batch-interpreter=proc

Specify the procedure to use to process batch commands. The default procedure is Script-Fu.

--console-messages

Do not display dialog boxes on errors or warnings. Print the messages on the console instead.

--pdb-compat-mode=mode

PDB compatibility mode (off|on|warn).

--stack-trace-mode=mode

Debug in case of a crash (never|query|always).

--debug-handlers

Enable non-fatal debugging signal handlers. Useful for GIMP debugging.

--g-fatal-warnings

Make all warnings fatal. Useful for debugging.

--dump-gimprc

Output a gimprc file with default settings. Useful if you messed up the gimprc file.

--display=display

Použije určený X displej (neplatí pro GIMP ve Windows).