7.2. Capa nueva

El comando Capa nueva… abre el diálogo Crear una capa nueva, que le permite añadir una capa nueva vacía a la pila de capas de la imagen, justo encima de la capa activa.

[Nota] Nota

When a floating selection is present, this command will show up as To New Layer. Using this, will turn the floating selection into a normal layer without opening the New Layer dialog.

7.2.1. Activar el comando

  • Puede acceder a este comando desde la barra del menú de la imagen a través de CapaCapa nueva… o pulsando en el botón dedicado en el diálogo de capas.

7.2.2. Descripción del diálogo Capa nueva

Figura 16.106. El diálogo Capa nueva

El diálogo “Capa nueva”

Below the title Create a new layer, the name of the image that this new layer will belong to, is displayed. To the right of the title a thumbnail of that image is shown. This will enable you to check that you are adding the layer to the correct image when there is more than one image open.

Nombre de la capa

The name of the new layer. It does not have any functional significance; it is simply a convenient way for you to remember the purpose of the layer. The default name is Layer, but it remembers the last name you used. If a layer with the name you chose already exists, a number is automatically appended to it to make the name unique (e.g., Layer #1) when you click OK to create the layer.

Etiqueta de color

If you click on one of these color buttons, the "Eye" icon box of the created layer will have this color. This can help you identify or group layers to make them easier to spot when you have a lot of layers in your image.


A layer's mode determines how the layer is combined with the layers below it. The default is Normal. The drop-down list offers a wide choice of layer modes, also known as blend modes. On the right, there is another drop-down list to select between Default or Legacy layer modes.

Layer modes are described in more detail in Layer Modes and Legacy Layer Modes.

Espacio de mezcla, Composite space

The color space used for blending or compositing the layer with the layers below it. Blending determines how the colors of the upper and lower layer are mixed together, and compositing how the upper and lower layer are merged together with respect to the transparency of each pixel.

Depending on the layer mode (see above) one or both of these settings may be disabled. It is only enabled for layer modes where setting this has any effect. When enabled, the default is Auto. The other choices are RGB (linear) and RGB (perceptual). Note that what Auto translates to, depends on the chosen layer mode. It is not the same for all modes. Some use linear, others use perceptual.

The linear and perceptual encodings are described in choosing precision and encoding and in the Glossary.

[Nota] Nota

When changing the layer mode, both Blend space and Composite space are always reset to Auto to make sure the settings make sense for that particular layer mode.

Modo compuesto

The layer Mode, sometimes referred to as its blend mode (Normal, Multiply, etc.), determines how the color values of the layer and its backdrop are combined (together with the Blend space setting). The composite mode of a layer determines how the alpha values of the layer and its backdrop are combined (together with the Composite space setting). The layer's backdrop is the content against which the layer is composited; namely, it's the combination of the layers below it.

There are two regions of interest when compositing the layer against its backdrop: the opaque region of the backdrop, and the opaque region of the layer. The layer's blend mode determines how to combine the colors of the intersection of these two regions: i.e., the common opaque region of both the backdrop and the layer (pixels belonging to only one of these regions don't need to be combined with anything, and retain their original color). The layer's composite mode determines which part of these regions to keep, and which to discard.

The example images below show the composition of two layers — the bottom layer containing a red feathered circle, and the top layer containing a green feathered circle — using Addition mode, and different composite modes (applied to the top layer).

  • Unión: mantiene las regiones opacas tanto de la capa como de su fondo, es decir, su unión.

    Figura 16.107. Ejemplo de opción de Unión

    Ejemplo de opción de “Unión”

  • Recortar al fondo: mantiene solo las regiones opacas del fondo (esto incluye la región opaca común tanto para el fondo como para la capa, es decir, su intersección).

    Figura 16.108. Ejemplo de opción de Recortar al fondo

    Ejemplo de opción de Recortar al fondo

  • Recortar a la capa: mantiene solo la región opaca de la capa (esto incluye la región opaca común tanto para el fondo como para la capa, es decir, su intersección).

    Figura 16.109. Ejemplo de opción de Recortar a la capa

    Ejemplo de opción de “Recortar a la capa”

  • Intersección: mantiene solo la región opaca tanto para el fondo como para la capa, es decir, su intersección.

    Figura 16.110. Ejemplo de opción de Intersección

    Ejemplo de opción de “Intersección”

  • Auto: el modo Auto no es un modo compuesto separado, sino que corresponde a uno de los otros modos compuestos, dependiendo del modo de fusión de la capa: para Normal, Disolver y Combinar, corresponde a Unión, y para los otros modos (que admiten diferentes modos compuestos) corresponde a Recortar al fondo.


Establece la opacidad de la pintura en la capa. El valor predeterminado es 100%.

Width, Height

Las dimensiones de la capa nueva. Cuando el diálogo aparece, los valores se inicializan con las dimensiones del la imagen. Puede cambiarlos empleando las dos cajas de texto. También puede cambiar las unidades en las listas desplegables de la derecha.

Offset X, Offset Y

The default origin of the new layer is the upper left corner of the image canvas. Here, you can set the exact position of the layer. By choosing a negative offset, you can set the layer to be partially outside the image canvas.

Rellenar con

There are five options for filling the new layer: the current Foreground color, the current Background color, White, Transparency, and the current Pattern.


These switches on the right side of this dialog are described in the Layer Dialog documentation. See Layer Attributes (Visible and Linked), and Layer Characteristics (Lock pixels, Lock position and size, Lock alpha).