7.2. Создать слой

The New Layer… command opens the «Create a New Layer» dialog that allows you to add a new, empty layer to the layer stack of the image, just above the active layer.

7.2.1. Активация команды

  • You can access this command from the image menubar through LayerNew Layer…, or by clicking on the dedicated button in the layer dialog.

7.2.2. Описание диалога «Новый слой»

Рисунок 16.100. Диалог «Новый слой»

Диалог Новый слой

Под названием диалога «Создать новый слой» показано название изображения, к которому будет добавлен слой, и возле него - пиктограмма изображения. Эта информация полезна при работе над многими изображениями сразу.

Имя слоя

Название слоя не влияет на работу GIMP. Оно облегчает определение назначения слоя. Название по умолчанию - «Новый слой». Если слой с выбранным названием уже существует, то при нажатии на кнопку OK к нему добавится цифра, делающая название слова неповторимым. (т.е., «Новый слой#1»).

Color tag

If you click on one of these color buttons, the "Eye" icon box of the created layer will have this color. This is interesting when you have many layers in the image.


Default is «Normal». The drop-down list offers all layer blend modes. On the right, another drop-down list to select between «Default» or «Legacy» group of modes.

Layer blend modes are described in Layer Modes.

Blend space

The space used by the layer mode. This option is not activated.

Composite mode

The layer's mode (sometimes referred to as its «blend mode»: Normal, Multiply, etc.) determines how the color values of the layer and its backdrop are combined, while the layer's composite mode determines how the alpha values of the layer and its backdrop are combined. (The layer's backdrop is the content against which the layer is composited; namely, it's the combination of the layers below it.)

There are two regions of interest when compositing the layer against its backdrop: the opaque region of the backdrop, and the opaque region of the layer. The layer's blend mode determines how to combine the colors of the intersection of these two regions: i.e., the common opaque region of both the backdrop and the layer (pixels belonging to only one of these regions don't need to be combined with anything, and retain their original color.). The layer's composite mode determines which part of these regions to keep, and which to discard.

The example images below show the composition of two layers -- the bottom layer containing a red feathered circle, and the top layer containing a green feathered circle -- using «Addition» mode, and different composite modes (applied to the top layer).

  • Union: keeps the opaque regions of both the layer and its backdrop, i.e their union.

    Рисунок 16.101. «Union» option example

    Union option example

  • Clip to backdrop: keeps only the opaque regions of the backdrop (this includes the common opaque region to both the backdrop and the layer i.e their intersection).

    Рисунок 16.102. «Clip to backdrop» option example

    Clip to backdrop option example

  • Clip to layer: keeps only the opaque region of the layer (this includes the common opaque region to both the backdrop and the layer, i.e their intersection).

    Рисунок 16.103. «Clip to layer» option example

    Clip to layer option example

  • Intersection: keeps only the opaque region to both the backdrop and the layer, i.e their intersection.

    Рисунок 16.104. «Intersection» option example

    Intersection option example

  • Auto: «Auto» mode is not a separate composite mode, but rather corresponds to one of the other composite modes, depending on the layer's blend mode: for «Normal», «Dissolve», and «Merge», it corresponds to «Union», and for the other modes (that support different composite modes) it corresponds to «Clip to Backdrop».

Composite space

Default is «Auto». In the drop-down list, you can choose between «RGB linear» and «RGB perceptual».

Channel encodings are described in Glossary.


Sets the opacity of painting on the layer. Default is 100%.

Ширина; Высота

Размер нового слоя. По вызове диалога, эти параметры принимают значения размера изображения. Их можно изменить с помощью двух полей ввода. Единицы измерения размера можно указать из предлагаемого списка.

Offset X; Y

The origin of the new layer is the upper left corner of the image. Here, you can set precisely the position of layers smaller than the canvas, especially text layers.

Fill With

There are five options for the solid color that fills the layer: the current Foreground color, the current Background color, White, Transparency, and Pattern.


These switches reproduce options described in the Layer Dialog.