11.8. Simple Linear Iterative Clustering (SLIC)

11.8.1. Overview

This filter creates superpixels based on k-means clustering.

Superpixels are small cluster of pixels that share similar properties. Superpixels simplifies images with a great number of pixels making them more easy to be treated in many domains (computer vision, pattern recognition and machine intelligence). GIMP's aim is more humble: create a posterization effect.

k-means clustering is one of the most used algorithms to create superpixels. Superpixel color is the mean of pixels color in the corresponding region.

11.8.2. Activating the filter

This filter is found in the image window menu under FiltersArtisticSimple Linear Iterative Clustering….

11.8.3. Options

Figuur 17.198. Simple Linear Iterative Clustering options

Simple Linear Iterative Clustering options

Presets, Preview, Split view
[Opmerking] Opmerking

These options are described in Paragraaf 2, “Common Features”.

Regions size

Increasing regions size collects more pixels, and so superpixels size increases also.

Figuur 17.199. Regions size example

Regions size example

Regions size = 16

Regions size example

Regions size = 32


Superpixels borders may be irregular. Increasing this option gives superpixels more regular border.

Figuur 17.200. Compactness example

Compactness example

Compactness = 20

Compactness example

Compactness = 40: look at the dome.


How many times filter is repeated. Increasing this value gives more details.

Figuur 17.201. Regions size example

Regions size example

Iterations = 1 (default)

Regions size example

Iterations = 15