9.5. Normal Map

9.5.1. Общая информация

This filter generates a normal map from a height map. It's early initial work and a lot more is expected to be done.

We will use a height map created with Раздел 14.8, «Симплексный шум»:

Рисунок 17.185. Normal Map Example

Normal Map Example

The height map

Normal Map Example

Filter applied with default options, giving the Normal Map

9.5.2. Активация фильтра

This filter is found in the image window menu under FiltersGenericNormal Map….

9.5.3. Параметры

Рисунок 17.186. «Normal Map» options

«Normal Map» options

Presets, «Input Type», Clipping, Blending Options, Preview, Split view
[Примечание] Примечание

Эти параметры описываются в Раздел 2, «Общие свойства».


The amount by which to scale the heights values: increase or decrease bumps.

Scale = 2

X, Y Component

The component used for X, Y coordinates: you can choose between the three RGB colors for the bumps.

Note that if you change these values, new colors are added to the existing colors, giving the complementary colors.

Flip X, Y

Flip the X, Y coordinates: flip bumps colors, horizontally and vertically. Bumps have a clear border and an opposite dark border, giving a feeling that light comes from a certain direction. To see bumps instead of hollows, light must come from the upper left corner; play with Flip X and Flip Y to get this lighting.

After playing with Flip X and Flip Y

Full Z Range

Use the full [0, 1] range to encode the Z coordinates: You can get a more abrupt color gradient.



Generate a tileable map: