2.4. File Open…

The Open… command activates a dialog that lets you select an image to be loaded from your hard-drive or an external device. For other ways of opening files, see the commands described on the next pages (「Open as Layers…」 etc.).

2.4.1. ダイアログの呼び出し方

  • You can access the Open dialog from the menu through: FileOpen….

  • You can also open this dialog by using the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+O.

2.4.2. ファイル縦覧

図16.11 The Open Image Dialog

The Open Image Dialog

This file browser should look familiar when you have worked with files before. We will explain the details of this dialog below.

  1. The Type a file name button toggles the visibility of the Location text box. By default this is hidden.

    キーボードショートカット Ctrl+L も同じく入力欄の有無を切り替えます。

    [注記] 注記

    When Search or Recently Used is selected in the Places list, it is not possible to show the Location text box. You will have to select another item from that list first.

  2. 場所 記入欄でファイルの経路名 (パス) を指定できます。 パスを省略した場合は選んだファイルの名前が表示されます。 また、 ファイル名の最初の数文字だけを記入する方法もあります。 すかさず自動補完が作動し、 その文字に続く可能性のあるファイル名が表示されます。

    検索 機能 (後述 (4)) を利用してファイルやディレクトリーを探しているときは、 表題が 検索 に切り替わり、 この記入欄に探したい名前を書き送ることになります。

  3. The path to the current folder is displayed here. You can use this to navigate to another folder by clicking on the desired part.

  4. With Search you can look for a file or directory, even if you don't know the exact name. Click on Search, type a file name or even just a part of a name in the search box, and press Enter. The file display area (7) will then list all files and directories of your home directory (user directory on Windows) with names containing the text you searched for. Unfortunately you can't restrict the results to files of a specified type (10).

    Recently used shows the list of files you have recently opened.

  5. This area gives you access to your main folders and your storage devices.

  6. This part of the list shows the folders that you have bookmarked. You can add bookmarks by using the + (see 9), or the Add to Bookmarks option that is shown when you right-click a folder in the central panel.

    You can remove a bookmark by clicking the -, or the Remove option that is shown when you right click on a bookmark. This right click menu can also be used to Rename the bookmark.

  7. 選ばれたフォルダーの内容がここに表示されます。 フォルダーやファイルが並んでおり、 フォルダーの項目をダブルクリックするとそのフォルダーに移動できます。 ファイルの項目はクリックで選択してから 開く ボタンをクリックするか、 そのファイル項目をダブルクリックすれば開けます。 ただし画像ファイルしか開けません。

    中央パネル内のフォルダー項目を 第2ボタン でクリックすると下図のような脈絡メニューが現れます。

  8. 中央パネルで選ばれたファイルが画像ならばその見本が プレビュー パネルに表示されます。 画像が GIMP で作成されたものならファイルの大きさや解像度、 画像構成がプレビュー画像より下に表示されます。

    [ヒント] ヒント

    If your image has been modified by another program, you can click on the Preview window to update the preview thumbnail.

  9. By clicking the + button, you add the selected folder to bookmarks.

    By clicking the -, you remove the selected bookmark from the list.

  10. Select File Type can be used to explicitly set the image file format. In general you don't need to worry about this, because in most cases GIMP can determine the file type automatically.

    The default is Automatically Detected, which causes GIMP to try to automatically detect the correct format.

    In the rare cases where neither the file extension nor internal information in the file are enough to tell GIMP the file type, you can set it by selecting it from this list.

2.4.3. Importing an image with a color profile

図16.12 The Convert to RGB Working Space Dialog

The Convert to RGB Working Space Dialog

When you open a non XCF image that has a color profile attached to it, GIMP will open a dialog asking you whether you want to convert it to GIMP's inbuilt sRGB color profile, or to keep the original profile.

Using either choice is fine since GIMP will do profile conversion in the background when needed. If you want GIMP to stop asking you this question then check the Don't ask me again. If you change your mind you can always restore the question by going into Preferences, Color Management, Policies, File Open behaviour.