5.5. Measure

Figure 14.174. Measure tool

Measure tool

The Measure Tool is used to gain knowledge about pixel distances in your working image. By clicking and dragging the mouse button, you can determine the angle and number of pixels between the point of click and where the mouse pointer is located. The information is displayed on the status bar or can also be displayed in the Info Window.

A common use case for Measure is to calculate the angle of rotation when horizon is uneven on a photo. Since GIMP-2.10.4, you no longer have to perform the rotation manually to straighten horizon: after measuring the angle, just click the new Straighten button.

This button can be used in straightening horizontal or vertical lines up: the starting point comes with a small bar that shows the direction.

When you pass the mouse pointer over the end point it turns to a move pointer. Then if you click you can resume the measure.

5.5.1. Status Bar

Information is displayed in the status bar, at the bottom of the Image window:

  • Distance between the original point and the mouse pointer, in pixels.

  • Angle, in every quadrant, from 0° to 90°.

  • Pointer coordinates relative to the original point.

5.5.2. Activating the Tool

  • You can get to the Measure from the image-menu through: ToolsMeasure,

  • or by clicking the tool icon: in Toolbox.

5.5.3. Key modifiers (Defaults)

Shift

While holding down the Shift key, click and drag from an existing endpoint to create a second measurement line from this endpoint. The angle between the two lines will be displayed. Any endpoint can be moved by clicking and dragging. So, you can measure any angle on the image:

Figure 14.175. Shift modifier

Shift modifier

Click on start point and drag following a side of the angle.

Shift modifier

Then, Shift-click on start point and drag following the other side of the angle: you get the value of this particular angle.


Ctrl

Holding down the Ctrl key puts the tool into constrained straight line mode. The orientation of the line is constrained to the nearest multiple of 15 degrees.

Ctrl key pressed and click on an end point creates a horizontal guide. The mouse pointer goes with the icon.

In Horizontal or Vertical Orientation modes, Ctrl also toggles between Horizontal and Vertical.

Alt

Alt key and click on an end point creates a vertical guide.

Ctrl+Alt

This key combination and click on a measure line allows to move the measure.

Ctrl+Alt key combination and click on an end point creates a vertical and a horizontal guides.

5.5.4. Options

Figure 14.176. Measure tool options

Measure tool options

Orientation (Ctrl)

In the Auto mode (default), Straighten will snap to the smallest angle between the measure line and the vertical or horizontal direction. Horizontal and Vertical allow to override this behavior by specifying explicitly what it should be.

Use Info Window

This option will display an Info Window dialog that details the measure tool results. The results are more complete than on the status bar.

Straighten

Transform, Interpolation, and Clipping are treated in Section 3.1, “Common Features”. Here is an example for straightening a path:

Original image

Draw path

Make path visible

Draw measure line on the segment you want to straighten

Straighten

Figure 14.177. Straighten clipping options

Straighten clipping options

Draw measure line

Straighten clipping options

Straighten with Adjust option

Straighten clipping options

Straighten with Clip option


Straighten with Crop to result option

Straighten with Crop with aspect option

Straighten: click on this button to perform straightening.

5.5.5. Measuring surfaces

You can't measure surfaces directly, but you can use the Histogram that gives you the number of pixels in a selection.